Impact of climate change on women
Among climate change impacts on woman, water is the most critical one.
The world’s poorest people live in regions where water sources are scarce. The majority of these poor are women.
Fresh water sources suffer greatly because of climate change. This is a problem on two levels: on the one hand, families have less access to fresh water used for daily needs, like drinking, washing and cooking and on the other hand the water that is needed for agriculture is no longer available.
Like fetching wood, the chore of fetching water for the family or community is typically attributed to women. This becomes more and more difficult for them, taking away precious time and energy to devote to other activities.
The long journeys are also a safety risk, especially for young women, whom might encounter violence on the way. Not only does it become more difficult to get hold of a fresh water source because of drought, the water sources they can find are often polluted. This pollution causes serious health problems. Health problems that can translate into physical scarring, which is extra negative for women since it can lead to exclusion from the local community. Because of the gendered nature of the allocation of water resources, including gender in water management projects raises their effectiveness, efficiency and sustainability .
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